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2018考研英语写作方法谈之 —— 考研英语写作“三段式”写作法常用句型
                   日期: 2017/5/4 16:53:55      浏览数:2398
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红宝书 红宝书考研英语词汇 红宝书考研英语真题 红宝书考研英语写作 红宝书考研英语预测


   

考研英语写作“三段式”写作法常用句型

 

 

红宝书 编辑)

 


 

. 什么是考研英语写作三段式写作法?


      
我们知道,任何一篇内容完整、统一的文章,必须由三个意义密切的部分组成:

一、引出话题部分——首段;

二、展开话题部分——拓展段;

三、结束话题部分——结尾段。

 

首段是文章的开头,作为引导段提出论点、描述现象或现状等;

拓展段则是进行论证、分析产生现象或现状的原因等;

结尾段提升论点、表明观点、提出意见或建议等。

 

在考研英语写作中,三段式写作法是最简便、最易掌握、最具有实战性的框架模式。为了帮助考生尽快理解和掌握三段式写作法【红宝书】考研英语写作(图画+话题)180篇一书系统深入地阐释了“三段式”写作法

 

第一部分 考研英语写作常用于首段句型的2类表达方式

一、议论文常用句型

1. It is a fact that….

2. It is well-known that….

3. There is no doubt that….

4. I think that….

5. Contrary to the popular thought, I prefer….

6. Some people say/believe/claim that….

7. It is generally believed that….

8. It is widely accepted that….

9. It is argued/held that….

10. While it is commonly believed that…, I believe….

11. It can be concluded that….

12. People’s views vary from person to person.

 

二、图表作文常用句型

1. The table/diagram/bar chart/pie graph/tree diagram/curve graph /column chart shows/illustrates/reveals/describes/depicts/reflects that/how….

2. The graph provides some interesting data regarding….

3. The data/statistics/figures can be interpreted as follows:

4. The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that….

5. As is shown/demonstrated/exhibited in the diagram/graph/chart/table, ….

6. It is clear/apparent from the table/chart/diagram/figures that….

7. The vertical/horizontal axis stands for….

8. There was rapid/noticeable/great/sharp/steep/remarkable/slow/little/slight/gradual rise/increase/decrease/fall/decline/drop/change in development in ….

9. The percentage remained steady/stable at….

10. The figures stayed the same….

11. The figures bottomed out/peaked at….

12. The figures reached the bottom/a peak/a plateau during….

 

第二部分 考研英语写作常用于拓展段句型的4类表达方式

一、AB型作文段落常用句型和表达方式

1. A is completely / totally / entirely different from B.

2. A and B are different in some/every way / respect / aspect.

3. A and B differ in….

4. A differs from B in….

5. The difference between A and B is/lies in/exists in….

6. Compared with/In contrast to/Unlike A, B….

7. A…, on the other hand,/in contrast,/while/whereas B….

8. While it is generally believed that A …, I believe B….

9. Despite their similarities, A and B are also different.

10. Both A and B …. However, A…; on the other hand, B….

11. The most striking difference is that A…, while B….

 

二、原因分析性段落常用的句型和表达方式

1There are several reasons for…, but in general, they come down to three

major ones.

2There are many factors that may account for…, but the following are the most typical ones.

3Many ways can contribute to solving this problem, but the following ones may be most effective.

4Generally, the advantages can be listed as follows.

5The reasons are as follows.

 

三、因果推理性段落常用句型和表达方式

1. Because/Since we read the book, we have learned a lot.

2. If we read the book, we would learn a lot.

3. We read the book; as a result / therefore / thus / hence / consequently / for this reason / because of this, we’ve learned a lot.

4. As a result of /Because of/Due to/Owing to reading the book, we’ve learned

a lot.

5. The cause of/reason for/overweight is eating too much.

6. Overweight is caused by/due to/because of eating too much.

7. The effect/consequence/result of eating too much is overweight.

8. Eating too much causes/results in/leads to overweight.

 

四、举例型段落常用句型和表达方式

1. Here is one more example.

2. Take … for example.

3. The same is true of….

4. This offers a typical instance of….

5. We may quote a common example of….

6. Just think of….

 

第三部分 考研英语写作常用于结尾段句型的3类表达方式

一、对全文进行归纳总结的句型

1From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion

that….

2Taking into account all the factors, we may safely come to the conclusion

that….

3Judging from all the evidence offered, we may safely arrive at/reach the

conclusion that….

4All the evidence supports a sound conclusion that…

5From what is mentioned above, we may come to the conclusion that…

6To sum up/draw a conclusion, we find that….

7In short/brief/a word/conclusion/sum/, it is….

8. Therefore/Thus/Then, it can be inferred/concluded/deduced that….

9. From/Through/According to what has been discussed above, we can come

to/reach/arrive at/draw the conclusion that….

10. It is believed that….

 

二、表达个人观点的句型

1. As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some extent.

2. As far as I am concerned, I am really/completely in favor of the test/policy.

3. In conclusion/a word, I believe that….

4. There is some truth in both arguments, but I think the disadvantages of…

outweigh its advantages.

5. In my opinion/view, we should….

6. As for me, I….

7. As I see it, ….

8. From my point of view, ….

9. Personally, I think….

10. My view is that….

11. I think/consider….

12. I take/hold a negative/positive view of…

 

 

 

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请参看:

 

【红宝书】考研英语写作—(图画+话题)180

 

http://www.hongbaoshu.com/news.aspx?id=700

 

 

 


 

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